The permesso di soggiorno is required by non-EU nationals who intend to stay in Italy for more than 8 days, or more than 90 days if in receipt of a tourist visa. The permesso can last varying periods depending on the reason for the application:
- for work – can be up to 2 years and is renewable
- for seasonal work – from 6 to 9 months
- self-employed – up to 2 years
- study – up to 1 year
- elective residence – indefinite
EU nationals no longer need to apply for a permesso di soggiorno as they are protected by the Directive on Freedom of Movement (although confusingly this term is still often used by Italian authorities to apply to the immigration status of any non-Italian person).
To renew a permesso di soggiorno an applicant must apply at least 60 days before the expiry to the Questura.